Broadleaf tree, 6-30 m tall, often with many stems from the base and sometimes shrub-like. The young bark is smooth and chartreuse coloured, aging to deep brownish-red before peeling off. The leaves are evergreen and leathery, the flowers droop in large fragrant terminal clusters, and the berries are orange to red: a highly ornamental species. Good for coarsely drained, sunny, open sites. Underplant with kinnikinnick. Photo by Dave Polster. Click here for propagation information.
Large, tall (70-90 m) coniferous tree. The branches are spreading to drooping and the flat needles are spirally arranged. The trunk is straight or slightly tapered with bark ultimately very thick, fluted, ridged, rough and greyish-brown. The pollen cones are small and reddish-brown, and the young seed cones are hanging, oval, and green at flowering turning reddish-brown to grey at maturity. This is a good ornamental tree for gardens and is a good windbreak species. Select sunny, open, roomy conditions with neutral to slightly acid, well drained, moist soils. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.
Heavy-limbed tree growing 12 to 35 m tall, often short and crooked in rocky habitats. The bark is light grey, with thick furrows and ridges on older trees. The deciduous leaves are deeply round-lobed typical oak-type, shiny dark green above, greenish-yellow and brown-haired below, turning dull yellow-brown in fall. The male flowers are hanging catkins and female flowers are single or small clusters. The flowers appear at the same time as the leaves. The fruit is an acorn found singly or in pairs, with a shallow cup enclosing less than a third of the acorn. This tree is widely used as an ornamental in the Pacific Northwest for spacious lawns. Photo by Marilyn Fuchs. Click here for propagation information.