Found in a variety of habitats from open wooded, to dry to moist, at low to middle elevations, from the coast of southern BC to the Kootenays, Vancouver Island, and south to California. ) (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Coarse to fine textured, well-drained soils.
Rocky, dry to moist, wood margins at low to middle elevations (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Full sun to partial shade. Prefers exposed situations.
Open canopied and cut over areas. Usually associated with salal, Oregon beaked moss and dull Oregon grape.