Dry open woods, rocky slopes, disturbed sites (road cuts, etc) at low to middle elevations.
Coarse, well-drained soils preferred.
No information available.
Neutral to mildly acidic.
Moist soils preferred but fairly drought-resistant once established (S. Bastin, personal communication)
Full sun to partial shade.
Pioneer species on recently disturbed sites due to the long dormancy period of the seeds (Williams, 1984).
Modal BEC Zone: Coastal Western Hemlock. Found in CWH, CDF, IDF. Associated plants: In part shade: bigleaf maple, bitter cherry, Douglas-fir, grand fir, baldhip rose, evergreen huckleberry, Indian-plum, mock-orange, Pacific rhododendron, salal, vine maple, sword fern, ocean spray, Western serviceberry. In sun: Pacific madrone, snowbrush, hairy manzanita, kinnikinnick, blue elderberry (Klinka et al., 1989; Ministry of Forests, 1994; Klinkenberg, 2004; www.depts.washington.edu).