Delicate, several-stemmed annual, 5-30 cm tall, hairless except for loose cottony tufts in the axils of smooth, slightly fleshy leaves. Basal leaves are spatulate, while stem leaves are narrow and alternate, all leaves are entire or few-toothed. Early blooming. Flower heads have bright-yellow central discs, 8-13 ray flowers 4-10 mm long and a conic receptacle. Possible showy annual for massed plantings in the dry and sunny garden. Photo by Dave Polster. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial from tuberous, clustered roots and usually less than 50 cm high. The stem is single and very slender usually with very fine hairs. The leaves are stalked and are mostly on the stems with the longest stalks on the few basal leaves and becoming shorter as they grow farther up the stem. Flowers are violet with the uppermost of the 5 petals being modified into a pronounced hollow spur. The upper two petals are often white. Blooms from May on the coast to June and July in the higher latitudes. A source of pollen for butterflies and the long-proboscis bumblebee. Grows best in a moist and shady garden. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial herb from slender, fibrous roots and many rice-like bulblets (at flowering time); stems erect, solitary, simple, smooth to glandular short-hairy, 10-30 cm tall. Inflorescence a terminal, involucrate umbel of 2 to 15 stalked flowers, the stalks smooth to glandular-short-hairy, floral parts in 4s or 5s (on the same plant), corollas deeply lobed, the lobes deep magenta to lighter in colour, grading to yellow at the bases and on the tubes, 15-25 mm long, bases of the tubes deep purple-red. Requires sunny gardens with dry to moderately moist nitrogen-rich soils. Can also be planted in lawns or used in containers. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.
Hairless to glandular-hairy perennial with leafless flowers stems 5 – 50 cm tall. Oblong lance- to spoon-shaped basal leaves tapering gradually to stalk. Bright pink/magenta flowers in an umbel of 3 – 25 atop stem. Individual flowers have 5 swept back petals united at the base in a yellowish collar with purplish ring and yellow stamen tube. Seedlings small and require several years to become flowering plant. Very attractive late spring flowering plants for the woodland garden or shaded rockery pockets. Photo by Dave Polster. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial herb 10 – 60 cm tall with several often lax stems from the base. Woolly, grey-green leaves usually lobed but may be entire, 1 – 8 cm long. Bright yellow flowers, 2 – 5 cm across, singly atop long stems. Good as rockery plant, for dry banks and the perennial border. Long blooming period and silvery-green foliage. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial herb with 15-35 cm tall smooth flowering stems. Two dull dark-green mottled basal stems. Nodding flowers white with some yellow or orange at the base on the inner surface. Excellent ground cover once established and mixed with native grasses; also for rockeries. Licorice fern makes a good backdrop for the flowers. Requires sunny well-drained environment. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial herb from a narrowly egg-shaped, 3- to 5-cm long bulb attached to a chain of rhizome segments; flowering stems 15-35 cm tall, smooth. Leaves: Basal leaves 2, dull dark green mottled with brown or white, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, 10-20 cm long, smooth, gradually narrowed to short, broad, narrowly winged stalks, the margins entire but often somewhat wavy; stem leaves lacking. Flowers: Inflorescence of 1, rarely 2 or 3, flowers atop a leafless, unbranched, smooth stem; flowers rose-pink with yellow bands at the base on the inner surface, nodding, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals narrowly lanceolate, 3-5 cm long, curved back; stamens 6, anthers yellow; pistil 1, 3-chambered. Fruits: Capsules, narrowly club-shaped to oblong, erect, 3-4 cm long; seeds several to many, brown, egg-shaped, angular (Douglas et al., 2001). Photo by Dave Polster. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial maritime herb growing up to 25 cm tall with short, thick rootstocks connected by short, hairy runners. Flowers are small and white on a leafless flowering stalk up to 30 cm tall. Fruit is a small, hairy strawberry. The species has considerable ornamental value as a ground cover. Its glossy dark green leaves and striking white flowers on the male clones are especially attractive in rockeries or on banks. Photo by Dave Polster.Click here for propagation information.
Perennial herb with long runners that creep along the ground. Flowers have 5 white petals. Small red berries, up to 1. 5 cm long, ripen in July. Drought tolerant species for full sun and poor soil conditions. Photo by Dave Polster. Click here for propagation information.
Perennial glabrous herb to 80 cm tall, from a scaly bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets. Leaves in 1-2 whorls of 3-5, sometimes alternate, lance-shaped, 5-15 cm long. Flowers dark purple mottled with greenish-yellow, bell-shaped, to 4 cm long, nodding; single or in clusters of 2-5. Much-admired garden ornamental. Use in a sunny border or meadow setting with common camas, white fawn lily and shooting-star. In shadier conditions, mix with red columbine and false Soloman's-seal. Plants may go dormant for a year or two after flowering so, to ensure some flowers every year, plant in multiples. Photo by Moralea Milne. Click here for propagation information.