Moist meadows, wet coastal rocks and bluffs, stream-banks. Sea level to alpine, mostly at low elevations in northern part of region (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Humus rich soils.
Grows in saline meadows (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Winter/spring moist soils with a drier summer habitat (Kruckeberg, 1982).
Partial shade is best, particularly in drier locations.